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Image result for dog dentalFebruary Is Pet Dental Month.

The American Veterinary Medical Association reports 80 percent of dogs and 70 percent of cats have some kind of oral disease by the age of 3.

Signs and Problems:

Your pet’s teeth should be checked at least once a year by your veterinarian for early signs of a problem and to keep your pet’s mouth healthy. Some signs your pet may show are bad breath, abnormal chewing, drooling, or dropping food, reduced appetite, and/or pain, bleeding, and swelling. Dental problems can arise due to broken, loose, or retained teeth, periodontal disease, abscesses or infected teeth, tumors, misalignment, broken jaw, or palate defects.

Periodontal Disease: 

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Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissue surrounding the teeth. Periodontal disease starts out as a bacterial film called plaque. The bacteria attaches to the teeth and when the bacteria die they can be calcified by calcium in saliva. This forms a hard, rough substance called tartar which allows more plaque to accumulate. Initially, plaque is soft and brushing or chewing hard food and toys can dislodge it. If left to spread plaque can lead to gingivitis (inflamed gums). As plaque and calculus develop below the gum   line, professional cleaning will be needed to help manage it. If the plaque and tartar buildup continues without intervention, infection can form around the root of the tooth. In the final stages, the tissues surrounding the tooth are destroyed, the bony socket holding the tooth in erodes, and the tooth becomes loose.

What happens during the dental?

Pre-anesthetic exam: Your veterinarian will examine your pet to ensure it is healthy    enough to go under general anesthesia. This examination may include blood or urine tests.

Anesthesia monitoring: When your pet is under anesthesia, its vital signs (body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration) are monitored closely and recorded. This helps ensure your pet’s safety while under anesthesia. Although anesthesia will always have risks, they are very low and are far outweighed by the benefits. Most pets can go home the same day of the procedure. Anesthesia makes it possible to perform the dental procedures with less stress and pain for your pet. It also allows for a better cleaning because your pet is not moving around and risking injury. It is not recommended to do dental cleanings without anesthesia because they do not allow cleaning or inspection below the gum line, where most dental disease occurs.

Dental radiographs: X-rays of your pet’s teeth may be needed to evaluate oral health. They aid in confirming the need for tooth extraction when teeth are loose or badly infected.

Scaling and polishing: Veterinarians remove plaque and calculus from your pet’s teeth. Polishing with a special paste smooths out scratches to the tooth enamel.

Fluoride/sealants: By applying a fluoride treatment the veterinarian helps strengthen and desensitize teeth and discourage the development of future plaque.

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Regularly brushing your pet’s teeth is the single most effective thing you can do to keep their teeth healthy between dental cleanings, and may reduce the frequency of dental cleanings needed by your veterinarian.

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We first visited Dr. Naguib several years ago when our dog Flûte, a cock-a-poo, had had several months of repeated skin irritations which often lead to infections. At that time, he told us that non shedding dogs were often subject to skin problems due to a reaction to protein and recommended a dog food in which the protein is hydrolyzed. Flûte has been happily eating this food and has been allergy free since that visit. Recently, we visited Dr. Naguib in his own clinic which is a very welcoming and state of the art facility. He quickly diagnosed an acute problem and kept Flute for further tests. Shortly after taking x-rays, he sent them to us by e-mail and communicated with us by phone to enable us to understand what we were seeing. He kept Flûte overnight and determined that she had probably eaten some rotten meat while off leash. Her care required an emergency intervention to keep her alive, but when this was under control and Flûte was still on intravenous, he invited us to come and see her as he thought it would be good both Flûte and us to see each other. Although she was kept at the clinic for further observation, we did feel better for having seen her at the time. When Dr. Naguib determined she was well enough to be released and we returned to pick her up, he spent time explaining her medications and the need to keep a muzzle on her in off leash areas. We are grateful for the knowledgeable and caring delivery of services provided by Dr. Naguib and all his staff and highly recommend the Rutherford Clinic to all pet owners.

Michele Foley
Edmonton, Alberta

First vet for my first pet! It is a really wonderful experience. They have really lovely staff members and even take us to tour in their really fantastic clinic!They have different room for different animal so they can feel great without other pet smell. We see that they pay a lot of attention on our puppy and give a lot of great advise for me as a new owner and we are really surprise that when we use the little tricks that the doctor told us, our little puppy feels nothing when she's doing her shots! My puppy even give the doctor a high five after the shoot is done! We can see all their staff members love animal and we are totally coming back for coming appointment!

Tina Li
Edmonton, Alberta

 5 starJust as I posted on my Facebook wall, try Dr Hany Naguib at Rutherford Veterinary for the most excellent and thoughtful care! Tucker and I have never experienced better!!

Michele Hamilton- Friesen
Edmonton, Alberta

 5 starThe staff at Rutherford Vet are outstanding! Very helpful, caring and obviously very passionate in caring for animals! I will highly recommend them to everyone!

Cheryl Moroszczuk
Edmonton, Alberta

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